Kyphosis is a condition of over-curvature of the upper back. It mainly deals with sensory deformities of the torso, which appear more often in girls and is divided into two categories: functional or transient and organic or permanent.
“The conditions of the spinal cord which commonly occur in students due to poor posture of the body are pain in the back, kyphosis and also functional scoliosis” highlights a professor.
Research undertaken by the American Academy of Pediatrics to 1546 children, aged 11-14, and titled “The problem of skeletal disorders caused by school bags” showed that 37% of a total number of children complained about back pain.
The children who had the heaviest school bags were found to have the most back pain, however 1 in 4 said that the pain was so intense it drove them to change their level of activities. 10% of students claimed that they had taken medicine to deal with the pain in their backs.
Both deformities/cases can be prevented or even dealt with if diagnosed early. The functional deformities are mainly due to bad or relaxed posture of the torso during adolescence and can improve with special exercises from experienced kinesiologists/fitness trainers.

Organic kyphosis, mainly idiopathic scoliosis which makes up 80-85% of all types of scoliosis, causes more intense deformation and needs, apart from exercises, treatment using special braces/belts.

Methods of dealing with juvenile kyphosis
Kyphosis caused by bad posture is the most benign form of kyphosis seeing as the deformation of the body is not accompanied by pain. It doesn’t create particular problems later in life and most times the kyphosis disappears by the time adulthood is reached or after the commencement of regular sports and activities such as exercise, swimming and kinesiotherapy which always helps in such problems. However, in order to avoid any small chance of the kyphosis deteriorating, it would be a good idea for the child to be examined by a doctor who specializes in deformation of the spinal cord.

Methods of dealing with adolescent kyphosis

There is a distinction between simple kyphosis caused by bad posture in adolescents and the very severe idiopathic adolescent kyphosis, known as “Scheuermann’s disease kyphosis”. It is therefore important that the child is examined by a specialized doctor in order to exclude more significant problems and be given guidelines on how to deal with the problem properly, that of development. In cases deemed necessary by the specialized doctor, treatment of the torso should begin with a program applied with the use of a special brace in order to avoid deterioration of the kyphosis and to correct the posture of the back. If the degree of kyphosis is very severe, then surgical treatment must be considered in order to avoid more serious problems in later life. Methods of dealing with adult kyphosis
Adult kyphosis is usually a result of preexisting kyphosis from adolescence although further gradual deterioration can occur throughout the duration of life. If the problem is severe, surgical correction of the deformity can be achieved in specialized surgery for spinal cords.

Methods of dealing with elderly people and osteoporotic kyphosis
More care is needed; special programs from experienced kinesiologists/kinesiotherapists for safe results from the treatment so as to avoid any possible injuries and for better quality of life for these people.